Devika Rani, the first actress of Indian cinema |
Devika Rani is said to be the first actress of Indian cinema. Devika Rani Chaudhary was born in Waltair (Visakhapatnam). She belonged to the dynasty of noted poet Sri Rabindranath Tagore, Mr. Tagore was his cousin. His father Colonel MN Chaudhary belonged to a rich Bengali family. Who later became the first 'Surgeon General' of Madras (now Chennai).
Devika Rani is said to be the first actress of Indian cinema. Devika Rani Chaudhary was born in Waltair (Visakhapatnam). She belonged to the dynasty of noted poet Sri Rabindranath Tagore, Mr. Tagore was his cousin. His father Colonel MN Chaudhary belonged to a rich Bengali family. Who later became the first 'Surgeon General' of Madras (now Chennai). Devika's mother's name was Mrs. Leela Chaudhary.
In a time when women of India used to hide their face in the veil even within the walls of the house, during which time women were not allowed to leave the house, Devika became a heroine for society by becoming a film heroine. He will also be remembered for his unique beauty.
In the early 1920s, when Devika Rani was 9 years old, she was sent to England for studies. After completing studies, Devika returned to India with the determination that she would make her career in films. But it was not allowed by the family.
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After spending a few years in England, Devika Rani studied acting at the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art, after which she also did a diploma in Architecture. At the same time, Devika Rani met filmmaker Busra Bullf. Busr was very impressed with Devika's Architecture skills and appointed Devika as designer.
Meanwhile, he met the famous producer Himanshu Rai, Himanshu was fascinated by the beauty of Devika and offered to work in his film 'Karma' in the year 1933, which Devika quickly agreed to, in this film Devika's Hero became Himanshu Rai. It was the first English speaking film made by an Indian. It featured a four-minute kissing scene for the first time, after which Devika was severely criticized and the film was banned. After this Himanshu married Devika in 1929 and came to Mumbai. His legendary films include The Untouchable Girl in 1936, Jeevan Prabhat in 1937 and Durga in 1939. Devika along with her husband formed a studio called Bombay Talkies, under whose banner many super hit films came. Ashok Kumar, Dilip Kumar, The careers of stars like Madhubala and Raj Kapoor rose on their hands. Devika is credited for bringing Dilip Kumar into the film industry.
Devika Rani was almost crushed after her husband's death in 1940 and leaving Bombay Talkies. She fought hard for the survival and operation of her studio Bombay Talkies, but in 1943 she became helpless as Sashadhar and Ashok Kumar and other trusted people broke up with the studio. They broke into Bombay Talkies and formed a new studio, Filmistan. After this, Devika Rani had to break her ties with films. Meanwhile, Devika was married to Russian painter Svetoslav Roerich, after which the two got married and settled in Bangalore. In this way, Devika said goodbye to the film industry.
When the Government of India introduced the Dadasaheb Phalke Award in 1969 to contribute to the film industry, its first winner was Devika Rani. Devika became the first woman in the film industry to be awarded the Padma Shri. The last rites of Devika Rani were performed with full state honors.